EMD SD38-2

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EMD SD38-2
LLPX SD38-2 2808.jpg
LLPX 2808 in February 2005
Type and origin
Power typeDiesel-electric
Builder
Build date1972–1979
Total produced90
Specifications
Configuration:
 • AARC-C
 • UICCo′Co′
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Wheel diameter3 ft 4 in (1.016 m)
Wheelbase 
 • Truck13 ft 7 in (4.14 m)
Pivot centres43 ft 3.5 in (13.195 m) between bolsters;
Width10 ft 3 18 in (3.13 m) over handrail supports
Height15 ft 7 14 in (4.76 m) over cooling fan guard
Loco weight368,000 lb (167,000 kg)
Fuel capacity3,200 or 4,000 US gal (12,000 or 15,000 L; 2,700 or 3,300 imp gal)
Prime moverEMD 16-645E
Engine typeTwo-stroke diesel
AspirationRoots-blown
AlternatorAR10E1-D14 generator-alternator
Traction motors6 × D77/78 DC
CylindersV16
Performance figures
Power output2,000 hp (1,500 kW)
Career
LocaleNorth America, South America

The EMD SD38-2 is a six-axle road switcher diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD) from 1972 to 1979. EMD built 90 of these medium road-switchers, which were used in both yard and mainline roles. Part of the EMD Dash 2 line, the SD38-2 was an upgraded SD38 with modular electronic control systems, HT-C trucks, and many other detail improvements. The locomotive's power was provided by an EMD 16-645E 16-cylinder engine, which could generate 2,000 horsepower (1,500 kilowatts). These units were constructed with either 3,200 or 4,000 US gal (12,000 or 15,000 L; 2,700 or 3,300 imp gal) fuel tanks and were available with or without dynamic brakes. It shared the same 64-foot-8-inch (19.71 m) frame as the SD40-2 and SD45-2, which gives it a length over couplers of 68 feet 10 inches (20.98 m).

Additional specifications[edit]

Main generator: AR10E1-D14 generator-alternator
Traction motors: 6 × D77/78 DC
Standard gearing: 62:15

Original owners[edit]

Railroad Quantity Road numbers Notes
BC Hydro 3 382-384 To Southern Railway of British Columbia, same numbers
Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad 13 870-879, 890-892 870, 872, 876, 879 and 890 to Union RR, 50-54 (?/01); to EJ&E, 671-675 (11/01); 873 to LTEX, 873 (stored as of late '06); 877 to EJ&E, 670 (3/01); 891 to EJ&E, 669 (?/81); 892 to DM&IR, 215 (3/86); 871, 874, 875 all scrapped due to wrecks in the 1980s. 878 remains on B&LE rails as the last SD38-2 on the roster, as of 5-01-07.
Chicago and Illinois Midland Railway 6 70-75 To Union Pacific Railroad, 2800–2805; to UPY, 800-805
Chicago and North Western Railway 10 6650-6659 To Union Pacific, 2806–2815; to UPY, 806-815
Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway 5 209-213
Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway 13 656-668 All units still active under Canadian National ownership, some upgraded to Dash 3 specs.
Jari Railway 2 10-11 Export, Brazil 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) gauge
Louisville and Nashville Railroad 5 4500-4504 To Seaboard System Railroad, 4500-4504; to CSX Transportation, 2450–2454
McCloud River Railroad 1 39 To Union Pacific, 2824; to UPY, 824 (yard service in Los Angeles)
Northern Alberta Railway 4 401-404 Built by GMDD; to Canadian National Railway, 5700-5703; renumbered 1650-1653
Orinoco Mining Company 5 1028–1032 Export, Venezuela
Reserve Mining 9 1237–1245 To GATX, same numbers; to LLPX, 2808 still with LLPX; 2801–2809 to Iowa Interstate Railroad, 150–157. Most to South Shore Line, same numbers
St. Louis - San Francisco Railway 4 296-299 To Burlington Northern Railroad, 6260-6263; to BNSF Railway, same numbers
Southern Pacific Railroad 6 2971–2976 To Union Pacific, 2830–2835; to UPY, 830-835
United States Steel 1 1 To Cyprus-Amax, same number
Yankeetown Dock 3 20-22 22 to Cyprus-Amax, same number
Totals 90

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Pinkepank, Jerry A. (1973). The Second Diesel Spotter's Guide. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing. ISBN 978-0-89024-026-7.
  • GATX Rail Locomotive Group. SD38-2 specification page. Retrieved on June 23, 2005.
  • Sarberenyi, Robert. EMD SD38-2 Original Owners
  • EMD SD38-2 general arrangement drawing (Spec. 8086 07/75) and clearance diagram (04/72), Robb Fisher, RFDI.

External links[edit]