Xie Jun

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Xie Jun
Xie Jun 1993.jpg
Xie, Curitiba 1993
CountryChina
Born (1970-10-30) October 30, 1970 (age 52)
Baoding, Hebei
TitleGrandmaster (1993)
Women's World Champion1991–1996
1999–2001
FIDE rating2574 (February 2023) [inactive]
Peak rating2574 (January 2008)

Xie Jun (born October 30, 1970)[1] is a Chinese chess grandmaster and is not just the first Chinese female but the first Asian female to become a chess grandmaster. She had two separate reigns as Women's World Chess Champion, from 1991 to 1996 and again from 1999 to 2001. Xie is one of three women to have at least two separate reigns, besides Elisaveta Bykova and Hou Yifan. Xie Jun is the current president of the Chinese Chess Association. In 2019, she was inducted into the World Chess Hall of Fame.[2]

Early life and career[edit]

Although born in Baoding, Hebei in 1970 and raised in Beijing, the ancestral home of Xie and her parents is Liaoyuan, Jilin.[3] At the age of six Xie began to play Chinese chess, and by the age of 10 she had become the girls' xiangqi champion of Beijing. At the urging of government authorities, she soon began playing international chess. Despite indifferent training opportunities, Xie became the Chinese girls' chess champion in 1984. In 1988 she tied for second–fourth places at the World Junior Girls' Championship in Adelaide; as the highest-placed Asian player in the tournament, she earned the Asian Junior Girls' Championship title.[4][5]

Xie on a 2001 Yugoslavia stamp

At the age of 20 Xie won the right to challenge for the women's world title, and in 1991 she defeated Maia Chiburdanidze of Georgia, who had held the title since 1978, by a score of 8½–6½. In 1993 she successfully defended her title against Nana Ioseliani (winning the match 8½–2½). In the summer of 1994 she was awarded the full Grandmaster title;[6] the sixth woman ever to be awarded that title. She lost the 1996 Women's World Chess Championship to Susan Polgar of Hungary (8½–4½) but regained the title in 1999 by defeating another championship finalist, Alisa Galliamova (8½–6½), after Polgar refused to accept match conditions and forfeited her title.[7] In 2000, FIDE changed the format of the world championship to a knock-out system, and Xie won the title again, beating fellow Chinese player Qin Kanying 2½–1½ in the final.

In Guangzhou in April 2000, Women's Champion Xie played a match with former World Champion Anatoly Karpov. Billed as a "female vs. male chess contest", the match consisted of four games at normal time controls and two rapid games. The four-game portion was won by Karpov 2½–1½ (1 win, 3 draws), and the rapid-play portion also went to Karpov, 1½–½ (1 win, 1 draw).[8]

A hero in China, Xie became widely known for her optimism and vivid attacking style. Her success did much to popularize international chess in her country and the rest of Asia. Xie Jun proved to be the first of a number of strong Chinese women players, the others being Zhu Chen, Xu Yuhua, and Wang Lei. She was also an important factor in the Chinese women's team winning the gold medal at the 1998 Chess Olympiad in Elista in Kalmykia, Russia.

In July 2004, she was awarded the titles of International Arbiter and FIDE Senior Trainer.[9] In April 2019, Xie Jun was appointed as the new president of the Chinese Chess Association.[10]

Personal life[edit]

Around the end of the 1990s, Xie was reading for a doctorate in psychology at Beijing Normal University. By 2008, Xie Jun directed an agency in the Beijing region taking care of chess and Go talents.[11] She is married to her former coach Wu Shaobin.[12][13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "中国国际象棋运动员等级分数据库". Chessinchina.net. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  2. ^ "Xie Jun". World Chess Hall of Fame.
  3. ^ "谢军--我是吉林的女儿" 谢军--我是吉林的女儿. Qingdao News (in Chinese). July 17, 2008. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 9, 2018. 谢军笑答:"我是地地道道的吉林女儿啊!" 原来谢军虽然生在保定、长在北京,但父母却是吉林省辽源市人。
  4. ^ Xie Jun (1998). Chess Champion from China: The Life and Games of Xie Jun. London: Gambit Publications. p. 25. ISBN 1-901983-06-4.
  5. ^ Adelaide 1988 - 5° Campeonato Mundial Juvenil Feminino BrasilBase
  6. ^ Xie Jun (1998). Chess Champion from China: The Life and Games of Xie Jun. London: Gambit Publications. p. 133. ISBN 1-901983-06-4.
  7. ^ "The Week in Chess 242". Chesscenter.com. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  8. ^ "THE WEEK IN CHESS 284". London Chess Center. April 17, 2000. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ Xie Jun rating card at FIDE
  10. ^ "Xie Jun is the new President of the Chinese Chess Association". www.fide.com. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  11. ^ "Nanjing: Bu draws first blood in Super-GM". Chessbase.com. December 12, 2008. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  12. ^ "Intchess Asia Pte Ltd". Intchessasia.com. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  13. ^ Relatives and Spouses of Chess Masters

Further reading[edit]

  • Xie Jun (1998). Chess Champion from China: The Life and Games of Xie Jun. Gambit Publications, London. ISBN 1-901983-06-4. An annotated collection of many of Xie's games along with some biographical information.
  • Forbes, Cathy (1994). Meet the Masters. Tournament Chess. ISBN 1-85932-041-4. A book containing interviews with many famous chess players.

External links[edit]

Preceded by Women's Chinese Chess Champion
1989
Succeeded by
Preceded by Women's World Chess Champion First Reign
1991–96
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Susan Polgar, then vacant
Women's World Chess Champion Second Reign
1999–2001
Succeeded by