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Mithridates // or Mithradates // (Old Persian 𐎷𐎡𐎰𐎼𐎭𐎠𐎫 Miθradāta) is the Hellenistic form of an Iranian theophoric name, meaning "given by the Mithra". Its Modern Persian form is Mehrdad. It may refer to:
- Mithridates I of Parthia (r. 171–132 BC)
- Mithridates II of Parthia (r. 124–88 BC)
- Mithridates III of Parthia (r. 87–80 BC)
- Mithridates IV of Parthia (r. 57–54 BC)
- Mithridates I of Cius (d. 363 BC), also known as Mithridates I of Kios
- Mithridates II of Cius (r. 337–302 BC), also known as Mithridates II of Kios
- Mithridates III of Cius, became Mithridates I of Pontus (r. c. 302–266 BC), founder of the Kingdom of Pontus
- Mithridates II of Pontus (r. c. 250–220 BC)
- Mithridates III of Pontus (r. c. 220–185 BC)
- Mithridates IV of Pontus (r. c. 170–150 BC)
- Mithridates V of Pontus (r. c. 150–120 BC)
- Mithridates VI of Pontus (r. c. 120–63 BC), also known as Mithridates the Great, after whom the Mithridatic Wars, Mithridate, and several stage works are named.
- Mithridates I Callinicus (r. 109–70 BC)
- Mithridates I of Media Atropatene (r. 67–66 BC)
- Mithridates II of Commagene (r. 38–20 BC)
- Mithridates III of Commagene (r. 20–12 BC)
- Mithridates I of the Bosporus (1st century BC)
- Mithridates of Armenia (r. 35–51 AD)
- Mithridates I of Iberia (r. 58–106 AD)
- Mihrdat II of Iberia (r. 249–265 AD)
- Mihrdat III of Iberia (r. c. 365–380 AD)
- Mihrdat IV of Iberia (r. c. 409–411 AD)
- Mihrdat V of Iberia (r. c. 435–447 AD)
- Tiberius Julius Mithridates, 1st-century Roman client king
- Mithridates (Persian general) (d. 334 BC), son-in-law of Darius III
- Mithridates (soldier) (d. 401 BC), Persian soldier who killed Cyrus the Younger in 401 BC, according to Plutarch.
- Mitradates, according to Herodotus a Median herdsman, who was ordered to murder the future Cyrus the Great by his grandfather Astyages, but who secretly raised him with his wife Cyno until the age of ten, having passed off their own stillborn child as the murdered Cyrus.
- Mithridates Chrestus, prince from the Kingdom of Pontus, brother of Mithridates VI of Pontus
- Flavius Mithridates, 15th-century Italian Jewish translator
- Mithridate, semi-mythical antidote
- Mithridatism, the practice of taking repeated low doses of a poison with the intent of building immunity to it.
- Mehrdad, Persian male given name, equivalent of Mithradata
- Epistula Mithridatis, a letter allegedly written by Mithridates VI of Pontus (assigned to Sallust)
- Mithridate (Racine), 1673 play by Jean Racine based on Mithridates VI of Pontus
- Mithridates, de differentiis linguarum[...], a book with 22 translations of the Lord's Prayer collected by Conrad Gessner.