Lord Torphichen

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The 1764 coat of arms of Walter Sandilands, Lord Torphichen.

Lord Torphichen or Baron Torphichen[1] is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created by Queen Mary in 1564 for Sir James Sandilands (to whom she was related), with remainder to his heirs and assigns whatsoever.[2][3][4]

The first Baron Sandilands had previously served as Preceptor of the Order of St John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta in Scotland, and took the title from the Torphichen Preceptory in West Lothian. He was succeeded by his great-nephew James Sandilands (who was also the current feudal baron of Calder). Thereafter the Lordship of Parliament of Torphichen and the Feudal Barony of Calder were conjoined, and all later lords were descended from the second Lord Torphichen. His great-grandson, the seventh Lord, was a strong supporter of the union with England. His grandson, the ninth Lord, and great-great-grandson, the 12th Lord, sat in the House of Lords as Scottish Representative Peers.[5] As of 2017, the title is held by the latter's great-grandson, the 15th Lord, who succeeded his father in 1975. He is Chief of Clan Sandilands and also holds the feudal title of Baron of Calder, granted in 1386.[4]

Torphichen, is pronounced 'Tor-fikken'.

The family seat is Calder House, near Mid Calder, West Lothian.

Lords Torphichen (1564)[edit]

  • James Sandilands, 1st Lord Torphichen (c. 1511–1579), succeeded by his elder brother's grandson[4]
  • James Sandilands, 2nd Lord Torphichen (c. 1574–1617)
  • James Sandilands, 3rd Lord Torphichen (c. 1597–1622)
  • John Sandilands, 4th Lord Torphichen (c. 1598–1637), brother of third Lord[4]
  • John Sandilands, 5th Lord Torphichen (1625–1649), died unmarried[4]
  • Walter Sandilands, 6th Lord Torphichen (1629–1696), brother of fifth Lord, m. Anne Elphinstone, daughter of Alexander, 6th Lord Elphinstone[4]
  • James Sandilands, 7th Lord Torphichen (d. 1753), married Lady Jean Hume, daughter of Patrick, Earl of Marchmont[4]
  • Walter Sandilands, 8th Lord Torphichen (1707–1765)
  • James Sandilands, 9th Lord Torphichen (1759–1815)
  • James Sandilands, 10th Lord Torphichen (1770–1862)
  • Robert Sandilands, 11th Lord Torphichen (1807– 24 December 1869), nephew of 10th Lord Torphichen[6]
  • James Walter Sandilands, 12th Lord Torphichen (1846–1915)[7]
  • John Gordon Sandilands, 13th Lord Torphichen (1886–1973)
  • James Bruce Sandilands, 14th Lord Torphichen (1917–1975)[8]
  • James Andrew Douglas Sandilands, 15th Lord Torphichen (b. 1946)

The heir presumptive is the present holder's first cousin twice removed Robert Powell Sandilands (b. 1950).
The heir presumptive's heir apparent is his only son Ashton Powell Sandilands (b. 1979).

Arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Lord Torphichen
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Arms of the Lord Torphichen.svg
Coronet
Coronet of a Baron
Crest
On a wreath, an eagle displayed pro∣per.
Escutcheon
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, argent, on a chief azure an imperial crown or, in base a thistle vert flowered gules; 2nd and 3rd, counterquartered; 1st and 4th, argent, a bend azure; 2nd and 3rd, argent, a human heart proper, imperially crowned gules, on a chief azure three mullets of the field.
Supporters
Two savages wreathed round the loins and temples with oak leaves, holding in the exterior hands clubs all proper.
Motto
SPERO MELIORA[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 23622". The London Gazette. 7 June 1870. p. 2876.
  2. ^ Lodge, Edmund, The Genealogy of the Existing British Peerage and Baronetage, Oxford University, 1869, P. 541
  3. ^ Debrett's Peerage at Internet Archive.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Douglas, Robert. The Peerage of Scotland: Containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom. pp. 669–672. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  5. ^ Balfour Paul, James (1911). The Scots Peerage. pp. 378–398. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Death of Lord Torphichen". The Times. 27 December 1869. p. 6.
  7. ^ "Death of Lord Torphichen". The Times. 21 July 1915. p. 8.
  8. ^ "Lord Torphichen". The Times. 15 July 1975. p. 16.

External links[edit]